Tamanu oil is extracted from the seeds of Calophyllum Inophyllum. This plant was used since ancient times in Polynesian traditional medicine.
Research shows that the Tamanu oil contains three basic
classes of lipids:
- Neutral lipids
The Tamanu oil also contains a unique fatty acid called calphyllic acid, and a novel antibiotic lactone and the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent called calophyllide. These and other components of Tamanu oil, including anti-inflammatory coumarins, account for some of the oil’s beneficial activity.
Tamanu oil properties
Antioxidant and anti-UV properties: a study has shown that Tamanu oil is able to reduce cellular production of ROS and in addition, has good UV light absorption capacity.
Antimicrobial properties: the neoflavanoids in Tamanu oil would appear to have antibacterial activity against staphylococcus aureus and against bacterial strains involved in acne, for example, Propionibacterium acnes.
Anti-inflammatory properties: callophylloid has been shown to reduce myeloperoxidase activity and down-regulation of the proinflammatory cytokines.
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